ank-2, ang-

ank-2, ang-
    ank-2, ang-
    English meaning: “to bend, bow, *flex; wangle; turn; curve, snake coil, anchor”
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “biegen”
    Material: Illyr. TN Encheleae (Enchelleae) Illyr. TN associated with the coils of the snake, Ilirus and Kadmos. O.Ind. añcati (M.Pers. ancītan) and (zero grade) ácati “ bent, crooked “, participle -akna- (with ü-, ny-, sam-),-akta-(with ud-, ny-) “crooked, bent”; aŋká -ḥ m. “ bend, hook, bend between brost and hip “, áŋkas- n. “ Bend, inflection, curve, crook “ (= Gk. τὸ ἄγκος “ valley, gulch, canyon, gorge “), aŋkasá m “ side, points “; aŋku- in aŋkūyá nt- “ curvatures, bends, searching side ways “; maybe Alb. (*anh-) anë ‘side “, (*anho-), anoj “bend” Av. anku-pǝsǝmna- “ with hooks, adorning themselves with clasps “; O.Ind. ankuc̨á-ḥ “ hook, fishhook, elephant’s sting “, aŋkurá -ḥ “ young shoot, scion (originally germ point, crooked germ), hump, tumefaction, a heavy swell “ (= Gk. ἀγκύλος “ crooked “, dt. Angel, O.N. ōll, üll “ cotyledon, germ, sprout, bud “ see below); Av. Aka m. “ hook, bait “, ąxnah (Bartholomae Stud. 2, 101, AIran. Wb. 359) “rein”; Gk. ἀγκών “ bow, elbow “ (D. pl. ἀγκάσι to ἀγκή = ἀγκάλη), ἐπ-ηγκεν-ίδες “ fixed planks in the ribs of the ship “ (Döderlein, Bechtel Lexil. 129), ἄγκοινα “ all writhed, humped, curved, stooped “, ἄγκιστρον “ fishhook “; ἀγκύλος “ crooked “, ἀγκύλη “ strap, thong, brace “ (= O.N. ōl, ül ds.), ἄγκυρα “ anchor “; ἀγκάλη “ elbow, bay, all stooped “; τὸ ἄγκος (see above). maybe Ancyra -ae f. capital of Galatia, in Asia Minor. (ancient district in central Anatolia - a Celtic, (Illyrian?) settlement). With o: ὄγκος “ barbed hook “ = Lat. uncus “ hooked, curved; Subst. hook “ (ὄγκῑνος = uncīnus “ hook, barbed hook “); ungulus “ a finger-ring, a ring “ Pacuvius, from Festus 514 L. as Osc. called, ungustus “hook-shaped stuff “ Paulus ex Fest. 519, see below under ang- ); ὄγκη ɣωνία Hes.; Maybe from also Lat. unguiculus -i m. “a finger or toe-nail”, unguis -is m. “a finger or toenail; of animals, claw, hoof”, ungula -ae f. “a hoof, claw, talon” : Rom. unghie “nail” and in zero grade Alb. (*unguiculus), glisht “finger, toe” [common Alb. -s > -st shift]. Lat. ancus ‘somebody having a crooked arm”, ancrae “ an enclosed valley, valley, gorge” (“ curve, canyon, a bay; an inlet “ as τό ἄγκος = Gmc. *angra-); O.Ir. ēcath “ fish hook “ = Welsh anghad “ clutch, hand “ (to craf-anc “ claw “) from *aŋkato- = O.C.S. ǫkotь “ hook “; gallorom. ancorago, ancora(v)us from *anko-rükos “ Rhine salmon, hook salmon “ schwd. Anke “ Lake of Constance trout “ (Gaul. *anko- “ curved, hooky “ and *rüko- “ in front “ from *prōko-, Welsh rhag “ before “); O.H.G. ango, angul “ fish hook, sting “, O.Ice. angi, O.E. onga “ point, sting “ (*aŋkó n-; about Goth. halsagga “ cervical bend, nape “ see rather anĝh-); *angra (up to gender = Lat. *ancrae) in O.N. angr “ bay, curve “ (in local names like Harðangr), Maybe zero grade Alb. (*angul) ngul “jab, stick, hook” O.H.G. angar, Ger. Anger (Gmc. VN Angrivarii); synonymous O.Ice. eng (*angiō-) “ grassland, meadow “; O.H.G. awgul (= Gk. ἀγκύ-λος, see above), M.H.G. angel “the part of a blade that is connected to the handle (of a sword) by a tang “, O.N. ǫngoll “ fishhook “, O.E. ongel “ a fishing-hook. Also, a rod and line “. Maybe zero grade in Alb. (*angelos) ngec, ngel “be stuck, be hooked” : (*angul) ngul “ to jab, claw “. Much puts here Lat.-Gmc. VN Anglii, O.E. Angel, Ongel as “ resident of the Holsteiner bay “ to O.Ice. PN Ǫngull, which did not cover meaning “ angle, bay “ (Hoops Reallex. I 61); with original initial stress O.N. ōll, üll “ cotyledon, germ, bud “ (*anhla-, Noreen Ltl. 25; to meaning compare except O.Ind. aŋkurá -ḥ yet Nor. dial. ange “ germ, point, prong “ from *ankón-), O.N.ōl, ül f. “ long strips, thongs, riems “ (basic form *ánhulō, compare ἀγκύλη, or at most *anhlō, standing near Gk. ἀγκάλη); Slav. jęčьmy “ barley “ as “ thistly, thorny, spiky “ (Berneker 268), compare the above words for “ point, sting, cusp “; Lith. anka f. “ noose, snare, loop “ (= Gk. ὄγκη γωνία Hes.); O.C.S. ǫkotь “ hook “ (see above); Toch. A añcäl “ bow, arch, curve “, ün kar- “ fangs, bulwark “; also A oṅkaläm, В oṅkolmo “ elephant “? Van Windekens Lexique 6, 13, 82. ang-, esp. to the name of extremities (compare Goth. liÞus “ limb, member “: *lei- “ bend “): O.Ind. áŋgam “ limb, member “, aŋgú li-ḥ, aŋgú ri-ḥ f. “ finger, toe “ (thereof aŋgulīyam “ a finger-ring, a ring “), aŋguṣ̌ ṭ há -ḥ “ big toe, thumb “ = Av. angušta- m. “ toe “, Arm. ankiun, angiun “ angle “ and añjalí-ḥ m. “two cupped hands held together”; Gk. ἄγγος n. “ Bucket, bowl “, ἀγγεῖον (*αγγεσ-ιον) “ vessel “, lit. “ twisted vessel “; M.Ir. aigen “ frying pan “ is dial. additional form of *aingen ds.; O.H.G. ancha, enka f. “neck” and “thigh, osseous tube, bone tube” (*ankiōn-), O.N. ekkja “ankle, heel” ; Dimin. O.H.G. anchal, enchil (reinterpreted anklão m., anchala, enchila f., M.H.G. M.L.G. enkel, O.Fris. onkel, onklēu, Ger. Enkel, O.E. (reinterpreted) ancléow, Eng. ankle, O.N. ǫkkla (*ankulan-) “ ankle on the foot “; also Lat. angulus (which is unrelated to O.C.S. ǫg(ъ)lъ “ angle, nook “) “ m. a corner, angle; nook, esp. either a quiet corner, retired spot or fig., an awkward corner, strait “ (besides with o- grade Lat. ungulus, ungustus see above).
    References: WP. I 60 f., WH. I 46, 49 f., Meringer WuS. 7, 9 ff.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • ankula- — *ankula , *ankulaz germ., stark. Maskulinum (a): nhd. Knöchel; ne. ankle; Rekontruktionsbasis: an., ae., afries., ahd.; Etymologie: vergleiche idg …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • angula- — *angula , *angulaz germ., stark. Maskulinum (a): nhd. Haken ( Maskulinum), Stachel; ne. hook (Neutrum), prickle (Neutrum); Rekontruktionsbasis: an., ae., as., ahd.; Etymologie …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • angra- (2) — *angra (2), *angraz germ., stark. Maskulinum (a): nhd. Bucht, Krümmung, Grasland, Acker, Anger; ne. bay, meadow; Rekontruktionsbasis: an., as., ahd.; Quelle: Personenname (1./2. Jh.); Etymologie: s …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • ankor- — *ankor germ., Substantiv: nhd. Anker ( Maskulinum) (1); ne. anchor (Neutrum); Rekontruktionsbasis: ae., afries., ahd.; Interferenz: Lehnwort lat. ancora; Etymologie …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • angō- — *angō , *angōn, *anga , *angan germ., schwach Maskulinum (n): nhd. Haken ( Maskulinum), Widerhaken, Speer, Pfeil; ne. hook, barb, spear (Neutrum), arrow; Rekontruktionsbasis: an., as., ahd.; Etymologie …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • anhula- (1) — *anhula (1), *anhulaz, *anhla , *anhlaz? germ.?, stark. Maskulinum (a): nhd. Keim; ne. sprout (Neutrum); Rekontruktionsbasis: an.; Etymologie: s. ing. *ank (2), *ang , *h₂enk …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • anhula- (2) — *anhula (2), *anhulaz germ.?, stark. Maskulinum (a): nhd. Angel; ne. fishing rod; Etymologie: s. ing. *ank (2), *ang , *h₂enk , Verb, biegen, Pokorny 45 …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • anhulō — *anhulō, *anhlō? germ., stark. Femininum (ō): nhd. Riemen ( Maskulinum) (1), Band ( Neutrum); ne. thong, band; Rekontruktionsbasis: an., ahd.; Etymologie: s. ing. *ank (2) …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • ankō- — *ankō , *ankōn germ.?, Substantiv: nhd. Stachel, Spitze; ne. prickle (Neutrum), point (Neutrum); Etymologie: s. ing. *ank (2), ang , *h₂enk , Verb, biegen, Pokorny 45 …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • Liste der Biografien/Ane–Ans — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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